23 मार्च 2019

How Set Balance-Sheet in Tally?


Tally me Profit & Loss Accounts or Balance Sheet kaise set Karen?







kisi bhi Accounting software me Profit & Loss Accounts or Balance sheet set karane ke liye yah avashyak h ki sabhi ledger proper groups ke under bane hone chahiye. jaise  Expenses wale ledger under indirect expenses group me  Income wale ledger –indirect income group ke under, tax relative ledger – duties & Taxes Group ke under bane hone chahiye tabhi accounting software sahi tarike se financial statements ko tyar kar sakta hai.


Profit & loss accounts  me  Trading Accounts  or  income or expenses ke ledger show honge.



 

jisame  debit side  opp stock, purchase, gross profit, or credit side  sales, closing stock show hoga.

isake bad  debit side me  expenses or credit side  income ke ledger show honge .


Profit & loss ke accounts ki 31 march ko ek transfer entry yani journal voucher create karana hoga.   jisame  F.Year me jitana Net profit hota h vah Capital Accounts me transfer karana hota hai.    F7 journal voucher me  profit & loss A/c ke debit or  Capital Accounts ke Credit karana hai.  capital accounts me yahan business ke owner ka nam likhenge.


Yadi hum keval Accounts maintain karate hai Stock item ka use nahi karate hai to


 F11 me F2 Inventory Feature me  Integrate accounts and Inventory option ko  No select karenge.


Isake bad jab ham profit & Loss A/c ko dekhate hai to usame Sales accounts ke niche Gross loss dikhai deta h, Gross loss ki jagah Closing Stock lane ke liye hame. closing stock ke ledger create karane honge.   jaise closing stock goods Taxable, Closing stock Goods Taxfree  ya jaise apane business me  sales or purchase ledger h unake anusar. ye tabhi karane h jab ham stock item ka use nahi karate h keval malkhata (sales –purchase ) ki keval value hi voucher me likhate hai.


Closing Stock ke ledger kaise banaye?


Gateway of Tally me Accounts info—ledger—create par enter Karen.

Name me  closing stock Goods Taxable

Under Group   me   Stock in hand

or Ctrl+A se Save karne.

jitane bhi hamare closing stock ledger honge ve sabhi isi parkar banane honge.

Isake bad  jo ledger banaya h use  alter option me jake open karege.

Name ke niche  opening balance or closing balance show hoga.

opening balance (1-4-17):  500000

closing balance  31-3-18 :  232000


opening balance me pichhale varsh 31.3.17 me jo stock ka closing tha vo amount likhi jayegi.

or Closing balance ke samane 31 march 18 (jo bhi apaka F.Y hoga) likhane ke bad antim stock ka amount fill karenge.

Isi prakar Sabhi Closing Stock ke ledger ko alter karke stock amount fill karani hai.

uptokt karya hone ke bad profit &  loss A/c me Closing Stock Show hoga athava nahi.

 P&L A/c Set hone ke bad balance Sheet sahi ban payegi.


Yadi ham Stock item ka use karate hai  to Uprokt setting tally me  Closing Stock ke ledger nahi banane hai.


 F11 me F2 Inventory Feature me  Integrate accounts and Inventory option ko  Yes select karenge.

F7 Valuation par click Karen

Change Valuation method ki list open hogi.

FIFO    (First in First out method)

Last Purchase cost  

LIFO  ( Last in First Out )

others

Is list ke anusar select karake Valuation  of Closing ko change kar sakate hai.


        Tally me  P&L or B/S set karane ke liye  

        First Closing Stock value ko set/fill karani hogi.

        Net Profit ko Capital Acconts me Transfer  karana. journal Voucher ke dwara.

       Kisi bhi  ledger ke balance ko other ledger me Transfer karake nill karana ho to  Journal Voucher me      

       Entry karake kar sakte hai.


Thanks

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